It is a specialty of dentistry that studies the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that, in one way or another, affect the gums, root cement, and alveolar bone.
The central periodontal diseases are gingivitis (inflammation with bleeding gums) and periodontitis (destruction of the bone that supports the teeth).
Untreated gingivitis often leads to periodontitis, commonly known as pyorrhea, and ends with tooth loss.
Gingivitis can be reversed by deflating the gums, beginning with good oral hygiene to control plaque, and continuing with the removal of tartar, periodontal pockets, and other harmful agents.
Periodontitis is irreversible as lost bone cannot be recovered.
Some factors contribute to the development of these diseases, such as tobacco, stress, dental crowding, bruxism, diabetes, or hypertension.
What procedures can a periodontist perform?
- Scraping and Root Smoothing
- Open curettage
- Gingivectomy-Gingivoplasty-Gingival zenith design
- Crown lengthening
- Gum and bone grafts
- Gingival recessions and root coverage
- Free graft
- Guided Tissue Regeneration